Web Hosting Concept

Web Hosting Concept | Types of Web Hosting

What is Web Hosting?

Website hosting is the process of putting the website data in one server that will be accessible from anywhere in the world through the internet. It is the physical location of your website date. Website hosting allows an individual or an organization to put the website data on the internet.

Web Hosting Concept

Website hosting uses a special computer called a server to store all of the website data and make it available for everyone in the world. This server should be turned on 24*7 and super fast to serve users around the world. The website hosting provider charges money for this.

After you buy a domain name, you need to host your domain name on a specific server. Some of the best website hosting companies include Bluehost, HostGator, DreamHost, SiteGround, and many more. Once You buy a hosting service you will get the following services.

  1. Custom email accounts
  2. FTP/cPanel access
  3. WordPress or other CMS  support
Custom Email Accounts After you buy hosting, you will be able to create your own custom email addresses. For e.g. yourname@yourwebsite.com. We have info@webhostup.com as our official email address. There are many benefits to having a custom email address. You can create a custom email as many as you can but it depends on which service package you bought.
FTP /cPanel Access The use of FTP lets you upload files from your local computer to your web server. If you build your website using your own HTML files, you can transfer the files from your computer to the webserver through FTP, allowing your website to be accessed through the internet.
WordPress Support WordPress is an online website creation tool. It is a powerful blogging and website content management system, which is a convenient way to create and manage a website. WordPress powers over 35% of websites on the internet. Most hosting providers will tell you right away if their plans are WordPress-compatible or not. The simple requirements for hosting your WordPress websites include PHP version 7 or greater; MySQL version 5.6 or greater.

Things To Consider While Choosing a Website Hosting

There are lots of website hosting companies in the world. All of them have their own style of service. While choosing the website hosting company, you have to take care of a few essential things.

  • Speed – How responsive do you need your site to be? It may not matter if your personal site takes a few moments to load, but if you have a sales website, those few seconds can lead to lost customers.
  • Bandwidth – How much data do you need to transfer from your site to the Internet? This is usually tied to how many visitors you expect to have on your website at any given time.  The real-time section of Google Analytics can help you figure this out.
  • Storage Space – How many pages are on your website? Are you hosting a lot of large images or videos? Before you say “a lot”, consider whether you could use free image hosting services, or more efficiently resize your images for your site.
  • Technical Support – How tech-savvy are you? Are you frequently struggling to figure out how to make changes to your site, or do you only need help when the server is down?

Types of Website Hosting

  1. Shared Hosting
  2. Dedicated Hosting
  3. Linux Hosting
  4. VPN Hosting
  5. VPS Hosting
  6. Reseller Hosting
  7. WordPress Hosting
  8. Cloud Hosting

1) What is Shared Hosting?

Shared hosting  (Shared Web Hosting, Virtual Hosting) is a web hosting type where multiple websites are hosted within a Single Physical Server. Shared hosting is one of the least expensive hosting packages among others. The resources are shared among many users. A specified amount of spaces are allocated for individual users to host their websites. Many small website owners especially bloggers and personal website users buy a shared hosting package to host their website. Although it has got many limitations, this package is recommended for a small website because it is cheaper.

How Does Shared Hosting Work?

The name itself is enough to understand the concept of shared hosting. Shared hosting consists of a powerful server with hard disk drive space, a CPU, and a RAM. These essential resources are shared among individual websites for storing and processing purposes. This hardware is maintained by hosting service providers. There can be hundreds or even thousands (depending upon the HDD capacity, RAM, and Processing speed) of websites hosting in single shared hosting.

Shared web hosting

Each user is allocated the resources as per their plans purchased. Each user’s files are stored in a separate section of the server in its own file directory tree. Although all user’s data are stored in the same location, one user can not access another user’s data. The following figure illustrates the concept of shared hosting.

When someone sends a request to the website, the data of the website is sent from the server to the internet user. Since individual websites generate different amounts of traffic at different timing, shared hosting optimally utilizes its server resources.

Advantages & Disadvantages of Shared Hosting

Every web hosting package has its own pros and cons. Let’s look at some of the notable advantages and disadvantages of shared hosting.

Advantages

  1. Cheaper – Shared hosting is the cheapest hosting package as multiple users share the same physical server. If you have a low budget and do not have a big amount to invest is just web hosting, there is always a shared hosting option available for you. This is one of the main advantages of shared hosting. Most of the web hosting companies start their basic shared hosting plan from $30 a year. However, if you buy premium packages then you will be paying more. But still, this is the cheapest plan than others like Dedicated Hosting, VPN Hosting, and Cloud Hosting.
  2. Easy to Use – Shared Hosting tends to be very easy to use. The hosting provider gives you a very simple control panel to manage all of your website information. So, if you a beginner, this is the plan where you should start.
  3. You Can Host Multiple Sites – As we have mentioned earlier, shared hosting allows you to share the same resources for multiple domains, you can effectively use the resources. This is best when you have to host small but many websites at a time.
  4. Well Managed – Most shared hosting platforms are well managed so that users do not have to worry about server management and platform patches. You get all kinds of technical assistance from the web hosting company such as software updates and upgrades, maintenance, security, backups, etc.

Disadvantages

Since multiple websites or users share the same hardware resource, shared hosting is comparatively slower than other hosting packages.  There are also other limitations like bandwidth, memory limit with shared hosting. At some point in time, there might be a security issue. If one site gets infected by malware the there might be the possibility of spreading to other sites as well. But there is a solution for this, you can apply file restriction in your individual file. But again security is being another disadvantage of shared hosting.

When to Use Shared Hosting?

Shared web hosting is a comparatively cheaper package. So, for lots of people cost might be the deciding factor. But there are other things to consider while making a decision. You can choose a shared hosting plan in the following conditions.

  • If you are a beginner in web hosting
  • If you have a small business website such as a blog, portfolio, personal site, small business website.
  • If you do not have heavy traffic on your website
  • If you have a low budget for hosting
  • If you want hassle-free (easy) website management

2) What is Dedicated Hosting

Dedicated Hosting is one of the hosting packages where a customer is provided a single dedicated physical server. The hosting company provides the server equipment as well as administration and other services. This plan is suitable for those websites where a larger amount of traffic comes on a website.

In dedicated hosting, a customer or user is given full control over the machine so that he/she can fully manage their settings. Dedicated hosting is one of the highly scalable and customizable hosting options. Users must have the technical knowledge to manage all the resources of the server. Because all the credentials are provided to the clients. But host also provides technical support according to the need and requirements.

How Does Shared Hosting Work?

A single physical server is allocated for a single client (website). You get full control over your server so, you can control configure the bandwidth, CPU usage, and other hardware resources as per your requirement. In case you need any technical support, the hosting provider provides support as well.

Dedicated Web Hosting

Many WordPress hosting providers offer dedicated hosting along with other hosting packages. Shared hosting is ideal for WordPress with a high number of daily traffic.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Dedicated Hosting

Advantages

  1. Secured – Dedicated hosting can be secure for you because you have full control of your server. You will have various security measures installed in dedicated hosting.
  2. Can Handle Higher Traffic – Since a single powerful server is fully dedicated to a website, it can handle complex websites with high traffic.
  3. Ideal for Large Business – This is the best packages for large business websites with millions of website traffic. In general, e-commerce websites have a dedicated hosting package.
  4. Scalable – Dedicated hosting is easily scalable, meaning you can scale up the resources as per your need.
  5. Better Website Performance – You tend to have better website performance in dedicated web hosting. This is another benefit of dedicated web hosting.
  6. Outstanding Support – You get better support in dedicated hosting such as server maintenance, installing upgrades of software/hardware, and other supports as needed for optimum performance and uptime.

Disadvantages

  1. Costly – Dedicated hosting is costly as a dedicated physical server is allocated for you. Other expenses include the software packages needed for the server. However, the price depends upon the number of resources used such as bandwidth, HDD, and  RAM.
  2. Complex to Manage – If you are not technically an expert then managing the server might be difficult for you.

When to Use Dedicated Hosting?

Dedicated hosting can be expensive for you so before buying this plan, you need to make sure that you have the following conditions. Dedicated hosting should be your choice in the following cases –

  • You have a complex business website
  • Starting eCommerce business where the sensitive financial transaction happens
  • You have a high number of daily traffic
  • You have a technical expert team or you are technically expert
  • You have enough budget allocated

Also Read – Page and Post Different in WordPress


3) What is Cloud Hosting?

The concept of cloud hosting is different from shared hosting and dedicated hosting. Cloud hosting is a type of hosting where multiple servers located in a different location are used to maximize uptime. The concept and popularity of cloud hosting have grown exponentially in recent years.

Concept of Cloud – Cloud is combination of multiple servers from different locations connected through internet that provides endless processing power and storage space. Cloud can be accessed from anywhere at anytime.

Note – Cloud is also consists of physical real hardware, located somewhere but spread across different locations, connected throug internet in the form of cloud.

As the name suggests, cloud hosting is a new and effective term.

How Cloud Hosting Works?

Cloud Hosting distributes the file, data, and resources across the different servers and acts as a single resource. Resources include hard disk space, CPU and RAM, and other necessary files and software. These resources can be accessed through the internet at the time of need from anywhere in the world. It uses innovative technology to distribute these resources which can be easily upgraded and downgraded.

cloud web hosting

The architecture of Cloud Hosting

In the distributed approach of cloud hosting, each website is “distributed” across multiple locations. So, you do not face any downtime in case of one hardware failure. Large websites like search engines, social networking sites, and popular news sites use the distributed approach of cloud hosting. Because no single server could handle such huge traffic. But in most cases, big companies like these either build their own cloud hosting architecture or hire resources from a cloud hosting provider.

Advantages

  1. Flexible Pricing – The best thing about using cloud hosting is you pay for only resources you have used.
  2. Scalable – You can easily scale up and scale down the resources.
  3. High Uptime – Because cloud hosting does not affect by one hardware failure, you experience high uptime in cloud hosting.
  4. Better Performance  – Distributed resources provide better performance on the website.
  5. Simple to Configure – Configuring and managing the cloud hosting control panel is easy. You can easily keep track of your hosting and scale it on demand via an intuitive dashboard.

When To Use Cloud Hosting?

Cloud Hosting is a good choice for large corporate businesses whose business entirely depends on the website and its traffic. Many of the large corporations are shifting towards cloud hosting as it is easy to scale up when needed.

Talking about cloud hosting, it will be more effective in the following cases

  • If you have a mission-critical business (company can’t function without website)
  • Large e-commerce website
  • If you expect to have a huge amount of traffic in ew future such as for a news portal website
  • High traffic projects
  • Lead generation websites

What is VPS Hosting?

In simple terms, Virtual Private Server (VPS) Hosting sits in between shared web hosting and dedicated web hosting.  It is a type of hosting where a dedicated server is virtualized and distribute the resources such as RAM, CPU among many users. A VPS is also called a virtual dedicated server or VDS hosting offers more control over your server. This makes you able to perform more advanced functions with your website.

VPS Hosting Features

The features of the VPS hosting differ from company to company, however, some of the basic features of VPS hosting can be listed as follows –

  • Full Control – You will be given full control over your VPS account. You can configure all the necessary settings (software installation, security setting, resources management) from your user dashboard.
  • Active Monitoring – Host providers will actively monitor its hardware and software that your account relies on. This ensures your account’s physical security against threats, hacks, and DDoS attacks.
  • Great Support: A good host provider will assist you with their technical support. They manage your server and help in administrative tasks if you are lack technical knowledge. This feature is extremely invaluable for beginners.
  • Multiple Site Hosting: Although shared hosts offer multiple domain hosting, most of them do not provide enough resources for you to do so.  But with VPS hosting, you can host multiple websites without suffering from performance issues.  You can even create a separate email account and allocate specific resources for individual sites.

Types of VPS Hosting

There are two types of VPS hosting you will be offered bu the web hosting companies, they are

  1. Managed VPS Hosting
  2. Unmanaged VPS Hosting

The name itself is clear to understand the concept of these two types. Managed VPS tends to be more expensive as the web hosting company handles everything like setup system and install control panel so that customers just need to manage their basic web hosting account. With Unmanaged VPS, customers need to do everything from the command line.  If you are familiar with Linux and the server-side, the unmanaged VPS server is still a good option, because it is more affordable than managed VPS hosting.

Advantages

As we have discussed above in the VPS Hosting features, users are guaranteed the resources on their VPS web hosting accounts. Your account will always be allocated the set amount of RAM, CPU, and Disk Space you’ve chosen regardless of what other users on the server are doing. VPS offers stability, Security, flexibility with great performance.

When to Use VPS Hosting?

VPS hosting remains in the intersection between Shared Hosting and Dedicated hosting or let’s say it is the hybrid of these two hosting packages. Unlike shared hosting, VPS is an isolated environment with dedicated resources, which means you have more processing power and your site loads faster. VPS hosting will be a good choice for small businesses whose requirements are outgrown of the shared web hosting resources, but cannot afford a dedicated server.

If you are developing a new application that has a complex database and you’re not quite sure about how much traffic you will get, VPS hosting is the affordable option to start with before you upgrade to a dedicated server. VPS is best suited for –

  • ECommerce
  • Multiple Sites
  • Web Server/Database Server
  • Resource Heavy Applications
  • Email Servers

When Not To Use VPS Hosting?

If you are just starting a new site that will not have much traffic, or basically want to host a personal website,  portfolio website, branding websites then you better go for a Shared Hosting plan. Shared hosting gives you enough resources at less cost than VPS hosting.

So, this is all about Web Hosting Concept!

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